Plants need to be an integral part of your backyard pond. In many ways, they are essential to a good pond ecosystem. Therefore, you need to understand the benefits they bring to help you add the right types.
Good plants will limit algae growth, shelter fish, oxygenate and filter your pond water. They will improve pond beauty and naturalize the setting. Not all plants are right for your pond. A wrong types of pond plants may take over your pond watery landscape, wither away fast, clog your pond or crowd other plants out. This means you need to carefully consider your best pond plants.
Growing Pond Plants Tips
As you go about picking an appropriate plants around pond edge, there are a number of issues to ponder.
Understand how much lighting a plant type needs to grow in health. Remember that trees, building structures, and other plants determine lighting levels.
Ideally, let your plant cover occupy about sixty percent of the surface on your pond. That way, you provide healthy spacing for the plants as a counter balance to protecting your water.
Determine beforehand how large a plant shall grow to attain mature size. That way, your chosen item will not get lost in a big pond or outgrow your pond.
How hardy an item is determines its survival in cold water during winter and fall. A hardy plant needs little care on a frozen pond and withstands sudden temperature changes.
The variety of items you pick must look good together, not just individually. Go for differing colors, shapes, and height.
In a pond inhabited by fish, your choice may disappear fast should fish love it, fish may simply nibble at another variety introduced or leave alone a choice.
As such, remember to take interest in the aquatic wildlife within your pond. This way, the wildlife will not destroy any of your chosen plants.
Types of pond plants
As you contemplate adding vegetation to a pond, there are three types for you to pick from.
Submerged pond plants go entirely below your pond water surface. The benefits they bring include excellent filtering of various pond sizes. To keep them submerged, they need deeper water.
Submerged aquatic plants, also known as oxygenating plants, help remove excess nutrients. In addition, they have a reputation for making higher amounts of oxygen compared with other plants.
Edging, marginal, bog or shallow water plants do best in shallower water, between five and ten inches deep. They thrive along the edges of a pond. Their foliage often extends above the surface of a pond.
Bog vegetation make heavy root feeders, which is an asset in water quality improvement. Their benefits include excess nutrient absorption from pond soil.
Floating vegetation have their bloom and foliage floating above pond water while their roots remain anchored in the soil below. Their best environment is moderate to deep water levels.
The environment provided by their underwater growing parts presents fish with excellent hiding places to bring up their young fry.
A beloved trait, however, remains their floating leaf and bloom parts. These grow into objects of beauty thereby creating pond jewels.
10 pond plants list & water plants names
There are numerous options out there. Below, however, is a list of the leading ten types.
Giant Sensitive Plant
This floating type of plant is critter friendly and thrives in warm seasons. They create excellent surface cover during sweltering summers. This trait helps in reducing algae while creating a shade for other pond inhabitants.
An intriguing character comes from its folding leaves, once you touch them, giving it an appearance of being sensitive.
This shallow or bog plant is critter friendly and thrives during the warm season. Irises generally go into pots before getting submerged. A good place to place them is in partial shade or direct sunlight.
They begin growing with the onset of spring and divide in fall that leads to blooming the following year.
Critter friendly and with edible leafy parts, this shallow water vegetation thrives best in small pond plants that do not have rocks because they have problems embedding. They prefer the cooler seasons with growth starting early while ice is still on the pond.
Vallisneria Coontail and Anacharis
This submerged vegetation plants that is critter friendly and thriving during warm seasons. It has excellent filtering abilities for trapping sediments and improving pond water clarity.
They make plenty of oxygen during the day thereby getting the oxygenator nickname. A waterfall or fast water moving spots fit as the best places to set groups of this vegetation. Koi love eating them, therefore, reinforce boundaries with this vegetal type.
This floating leaf, critter friendly herb loves cool temperatures. It has unique traits in that it grows and blooms when pond water temperature falls below sixty-five degrees.
As such, it is an excellent way to extend a season because its blooms are edible and fragrant. They also happen to remain active when other herbs, like waterlilies, are not.
This floating vegetation hardy pond plants thrives in warm weather and has critter friendly qualities. They remain quit common among numerous pond owners all over. It does well in any season and region.
Water Lily proved superb surface cover. That is against predators for fish and shelter against heat during hot weather.
This water floating genus has critter friendly qualities and does well in warm conditions. It is one of the oldest types of cultivated aquatic vegetation for water gardens.
Water lotus have high nutrient consumption tendencies, stunning flowers and foliage. They grow pretty fast and upright in comparison to waterlilies that have floating leaves.
The golden Japanese Sweet flag has great flexibility traits, grows partially submerged or with its toes in the water. Its beautiful light green foliage has bright yellow highlights.
It keeps its beauty throughout the season and often through winter. Sweet Flag adds cheerfully bright spots to your watery features.
This floating herb features green and red leaves in diamond shapes of three to six inch rosettes. During summer the floating mosaic gives you cup-shaped sunny yellow flowers. The mosaic provides a safe haven where your finned pond inhabitants can hide under.
This plants for pond surrounds and relatively easy to grow as floating pond plants.. It floats on the surface of your pond and its roots dangle below. Water lettuce give you lime-green fuzzy rosette leaves that resemble small floating lettuce heads.
They reproduce throughout summer giving you an opportunity to share with your friends or move them to a water container garden.