Maintaining the perfect lawn takes a lot of time, effort, and work. There’s planting, watering, and fertilizing. You only need to have the best bermuda seed, which will grow to Bermuda grass. Bermuda grass is the toughest grass used for turf in the desert southwest, the southern plains, and the humid southern, eastern United States.
The Bermuda grass has many features; these are resistance to heat and drought, low water use rate, a wide range of soil pH, good traffic tolerance, and growth in areas with hard soil surfaces. Nowadays, we usually see this type of grass in pastures, athletic fields, golf courses, parks, and many more places.
Bermuda grass spread a wide range as it grows; their creeping stems help them grow both below and above the ground. The grass requires adequate heat and little or no shade needed for them to grow.
(i) Tips for Planting Bermuda grass
You may wonder about how to plant best Bermuda grass, worry not; this post will help you to make the right choice. The first thing is to clear the area by eliminating any other weeds attached to the lawn area. How to do so? You can remove the area using control methods such as described below:
● Cultural Method
We can use cultural weed control, which is a technique that involves maintaining field conditions such as weeds that may increase in number. For instance, cultural weed control would be crop rotation, avoiding overgrazing of pastures, and maintaining good soil fertility.
● Physical Method/ Mechanical
We can use farm equipment to control weeds. The two mechanical control techniques most often used are tillage and mowing.
● Biological Method
This technique involves natural enemies of weed plants to control the germination of weed seeds or the spread of established plants. For instance, we can use animals such as sheep to prevent tansy ragwort or leafy surges and goats to control the bus on rangeland.
● Chemical Method
This technique involves applying a chemical (herbicides) tow weeds or soil to control the germination growth of the weed species. Chemical Method is the most weed control used in vast industries.
After Choosing Suitable Method
After choosing the best control method to eliminate weeds, remember to follow any instructions given by the supply; for example, let’s say you used physical form; it uses farm equipment. You then till the area that needs to be planted using a garden tiller or a tractor harrow/tiller or even a shovel if you have one, can be useful as well. When the area is returned to the soil, then you have to rake the soil removing those removed weeds. After that, you further rake until the area of the ground is level and smooth.
When planting the seeds you have to establish the best grade seeds to guarantee to produce healthier greenish grass before we begin. If you cannot afford it but consider it as nevertheless. The good grade has the potential to prevent drought and poor drainage.
It is recommended to use any commercial turf grass planter or buy a handheld machine such as a broadcast seeder. But others have financial constraints to purchase these items/tools, worry not. We can sow seeds by hand. Once our seeds are planted, we thereby rake/ drag the seeded area by covering our seeds with the soil until they are completely covered.
(ii) Tips for Watering Bermuda grass
● Water the seeds
As noted above, Bermuda grass is fairly resistant to drought conditions. Watering the area will make the seeds’ roots grow deep enough to keep the grass green and healthier. Water 3 or 4 times every day to keep the seeds and soil surface moist. At least apply about 1/8inch of water each time.
After a few days after the grass begins to sprout, reduce the watering frequency to twice per day, but you have to apply more water at this stage. When you see the seedling appearing minimize the amount of water by watering once a day; at this stage, use half amount of 1/8inch, meaning you have to water 1/4 inch of water daily. Reducing the amount of water helps in soil erosion and runoff of the soil.
Once your lawn has been established, reduce watering to twice per week, but water more deeply each to encourage deep rooting. It is essential to water best bermuda grass seed to prevent excessive dehydration. In the winter season, always prevent drought stress by watering to avoid turf loss.
(iii) Tips for Fertilizing Bermuda grass
Fertilizing Bermuda grass. It is vital to move to fertilize Bermuda grass. Why say so? It’s satisfying because after applying fertilizer in a matter of days, the lawn turns dark green and may look healthy. Not all soils provide adequate nutrition for Bermuda grass seeds, especially low-quality soils that typically surround new construction; therefore, fertilizer is then required.
Choose Appropriate Nutrients
Fertilizing at the right time is necessary for adding supplemental nutrients such as Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K); this will hold Bermuda grass to maintain its optimum health and beauty after establishment. These three supplementary nutrients are supplied directly to the roots of the grass. Lawn fertilizers are formulated to provide these nutrients at higher levels than are typically available naturally within most soils.
Before seeding your Bermuda grass seed, you should find starter / organic fertilizer, which is easily accessible to the seedlings, and it is best to work the fertilizer into the soil as a final step before spreading Bermuda grass. The best tool to use is a spreader, which helps to spread your fertilizer evenly, thereby using a rake or shovel to drag the fertilizer into the topsoil.
About 4-8 weeks when the seeds germinate, you should now fertilize your grass again. This time rather than using starter/organic fertilizer, you use a higher phosphorus content fertilizer, an important nutrient after your grass seed has germinated. Still, once the seeds are established, your grass no longer needs high content of fertilizer.
(iv) Care for Bermuda grass
Bermuda grass grows quickly, so it needs mowing, especially during rainy seasons. To keep your Bermuda grass healthy and weed-free, you need to mow every 1-2 weeks by keeping grass blades ½ inch to 2 inches long. It is recommended not to remove more than 1/3 of the grass blade to prevent stress during winter seasons.
It is recommended to plant Bermuda grass in spring around mid-March; this is usually the year’s final frost. When you are beginning with a new lawn, you can add what we call sod. During warm season give space for the sod to establish roots in your lawn before aerating. It is said that sod contains a hybrid of different Bermuda grass types, while Bermuda grass seeds are mostly common Bermuda grass. So it is not suggested overseeding Bermuda lawns due to these diverse grass varieties.
Heavy foot traffic, silt, and clay, which compact soil can compress your lawn, preventing air, nutrient, and water from reaching the sod. This affects the growth, weeds and pest problems in Bermuda grass lawns.
● Weed Control
Imagine in a soccer field you see weeds intact with our grass; it will be terrifying. It depends where we live and what weeds are prevalent in your area; you may see crabgrass, annual bluegrass, clover, just to mention a few. So a lot of weeds can grow in our grass. The easiest way to control weeds is to prevent them from growing. We can use chemical methods such as pre-emergent herbicide and post-emergent herbicide—these two help herbicide help to control weeds.
● Disease Control
Bacteria and fungus can destroy Bermuda grass. Like weed control, we use Chemical methods such as fungicides, which are used to treat and prevent your lawn disease in Bermuda grass.
Qualities of Bermuda Grass
Drought Tolerant: Even though the grass grows well when there is a fair amount of water, it can withstand and survive drought conditions
Durability: It has a reasonably durable variety. The grass is used in a place where there is massive traffic such as parks, golf courses, and sports fields. It can bounce back after being stepped on.
Pest resistance: It can withstand pests and even tolerate low population levels of insects such as mealybug, cutworm, armyworms, and mites when growing conditions are ideal.
Bermuda grows rapidly, with the best Bermuda grass seed grown in the Southern States, and is particularly suited to most countries’ climatic conditions. It makes a good lawn, prevents land from washing, and almost it grows in any type of soils.
When you are deciding to grow a tough, durable, and wear-resistant warm-season lawn that withstands drought and heat, Bermuda grass may be the perfect solution to your problem. Finally, if you are interested in Bermuda grass, just browse this site for more information about its wonders.